|A Selective Discography Of Scandinavian Heavy Metal Musicarticle, by Robert Freeborn, 2010, Soun Recording Reviews|
Explores the background of metal music in Scandinavia and the various metal sub-genres at play, and offers a selective discography by country tracing the emergence of these sub-genres.
|Ambient Metal: Why metal is an ambient not discrete genrearticle, 2006, Dark Legions Archive website|
|Avantgarde Metalwebsite, www.Avantgarde-Metal.com|
Deals with avantgarde metal.
|Avantgarde Metal Classicsmagazine issue, 2008, Avantgarde Metal Magazine|
Offers a short history of avantgarde metal as well as chronological discussion and review of classic and influential albums.
|Barbarians and Literature: Viking Metal and its links to Old Norse Mythologypaper, by Imke von Helden, 2008, presented at the first "Heavy Fundametalisms: Music, Metal and Politics" conference in Salzburg|
|* Basque Pagan Metal: View to a primordial pastpaper, by Donna Weston, 2011, European Journal of Cultural Studies|
Argues Basque Pagan Metal expresses a specific musical identity with links to the ideology of the 1980s Basque punk movement Rock Radikal and has diverged from this musical heritage in that its expressed identity is not political but culturalist, and considers the music within social and cultural contexts including the rise of Basque nationalism in the late 19th century and the emergence of radical nationalism.
|Circus Metalcolumn, by Frodi Stenberg, 2004, Metal-Observer.com|
|Collecting Heavy Metal Musicarticle, by Karson Jones, 2011, The Canadian Association of Music Libraries Review|
Examines metal's worthiness of academic study and greater representation in library collections and archives, and the importance of categorizing metal accurately by acknowledging the diversity among its various sub-genres.
|Defining Gothic Metal: The Truth And Lies of the Scenecolumn, 2006, MetalStorm.net|
Looks at problems of authenticity in the sub-genre when the term "gothic metal" is illegitimately appropriated or superficially applied, such as when a band is considered gothic just because its singer is female and her clothing style is obscure or poetic.
|Electro Metal Specialmagazine issue, 2010, Avantgarde Metal Magazine|
Offers a short history of electronic / industrial metal, some interviews and many reviews.
|Fashion for Metalheads: Folk Metal Fashioncolumn, by Steff, 2010, SteffMetal.com|
|Fashion for Metalheads: Power Metal Fashioncolumn, by Steff, 2009, SteffMetal.com|
Deals with djent metal; "djent" refers to a particular style of metal incorporating low tuned, open note syncopated riffing and/or heavily palm-muted metallic-sounding power chords, regarded by some as a new metal sub-genre.
|Industrial-Metalbook excerpt, by Piero Scaruffi, 2009, A History of Rock and Dance Music 1951-2008|
Recounts the history of the industrial metal sub-genre.
|Map of Metalwebsite, by Patrick Galbraith, MapOfMetal.com|
Interactive map offering definitions of each metal sub-genre and representative musical samples.
|Metal for Nordic Men: Amon Amarth's Representations of Vikingspaper, by Florian Heesch, 2008, presented at the first "Heavy Fundametalisms: Music, Metal and Politics" conference in Salzburg|
Examines metal's strong interest in Norse topics, using the song "The Pursuit of Vikings" by Amon Amarth as a case study.
|Metal Styles and Techniquearticle, Dark Legions Archive website|
|Metal Temple's Guide to Heavy Metal Genres and Sub-Genreswebsite section, MetalTemple.us|
|Metalcore: What is it, and how is it different from death metalcolumn, by Brett Stevens, 2009, Examiner.com|
|Nu metal, setting things straightcolumn, 2009, MetalStorm.net|
|* Pagan Metal: A Documentarydocumentary, by Bill Zebub, 2009, Bill Zebub Productions|
Explores the domain of pagan metal, including interviews with Primordial, Finntroll, Korpiklaani, Ensiferum, Turisas, Tyr, Leaves Eyes, etc.
|"Reawakening Pride Once Lost": Indigeneity and European Folk Metalthesis, by Aaron Patrick Mulvany, 2000, Wesleyan University|
Examines European folk metal and the meaning and messages the bands intend to express through their music.
|Revival of Nordic Consciousness in Metal Musiccolumn, by Peter Stuyvesant, 2011, The Occidental Observer|
Looks at Scandinavian roots and Germanic themes in Viking metal, followed by many reader comments debating the music's role in the promotion of White culture.
|Rise of "red and anarchist black metal"article, 2010, PunkWay|
Discusses the blending of black metal with elements of punk and social activism, particularly in North-West USA and South-West Canada, leading to the conception of the RABM (red anarchist black metal) sub-genre. [True article title unknown, translated from Russian.]
|Scene and heard: Pirate metalcolumn, by Ben Myers, 2009, Guardian.co.uk|
Discusses the quasi-sub-genre of pirate metal.
|* Selling (Out) the Local Scene: Grunge and Globalizationthesis, by Alan Edward Larsen, 2008, State University of New York at Buffalo|
Argues economic uncertainty of the late 1980s and early 1990s was a factor in the advent of grunge but not as much as it is often taken to be, rather the grunge phenomena is primarily an exploration of economic and cultural globalization.
|The Avant Garde And How To Swing Itarticle, by Ethan Mittel, 2006, MetalStorm.net|
|The Philosophy of Heavy Metalarticle, Dark Legions Archive website|
Examines metal culture and philosophy, with particular focus on the sub-genres of traditional heavy metal, speed metal, thrash metal, grindcore, death metal, doom metal, grunge, black metal, and nu-metal.
|The Quest for Musical Genres: Do the Experts and the Wisdom of Crowds Agree?paper, by Mohamed Sordo, Oscar Celma, Martin Blech and Enric Guaus, 2008, presented at the 9th International Conference of Music Information Retrieval in Philadelphia|
Study findings suggest strong negative correlation between how music experts and how music listeners classify genres and sub-genres.
|The Years Metal Died? (A Story of Nu Metal)column, 2010, TheDevilsPlaylist.com|
|Traditional Metal: The Black Sheep of American Metalcolumn, 2009, AllMetalResource.com|
discusses the modern trend in the U.S.A. away from the genres of traditional heavy metal and power metal that are so popular in other places such as Europe, in favor of extreme metal genres
Offers free web hosting and hosting services for metal websites dealing with traditional heavy metal, in the aim of helping to maintain and forward the sub-genre.
|Vedic Metal and Urban Soundscapes: A perspective from Singaporepaper, by Eugene Dairianathan, 2011, presented at "Urban Popcultures" first global conference in Prague, Czech Republic|
Based on Henri Lefebvre's writings on urban sensory architecture and using Singaporean death metal band Rudra as a case study, examines the urban soundscape and 'production of space' in Rudra's music, particularly through the Esplanade Theatres at The Bay, a highly-profiled local space in Singapore.
|Why it's worth celebrating nu-metal's anniversarycolumn, by Trevor Baker, 2008, Guardian.co.uk|
Discusses some positive qualities of the often-reviled genre of nu-metal.
|Wikipedia: Heavy metal sub-genresarchive entry article, Wikipedia.org|
|Yiddish-speaking Vikingsarticle, by Keith Kahn-Harris, 2011, Souciant webzine|
Talks about the evolution of Jewish metal.